History of Sauerkraut (SOW-uhr-krowt)
© copyright 2004 by Linda Stradley - United States Copyright TX 5-900-517- All rights reserved. This web site may not be reproduced in whole or in part without permission and appropriate credit given. If you quote any of the history information contained below for research in writing a magazine or newspaper article, school work or college research, and/or television show production, you must give a reference to the author, Linda Stradley, and to the web site What's Cooking America.
Sauerkraut (also sourcrout) is a chopped cabbage that is salted and then fermented in its own juice. The word, which in German means "sour cabbage," is first mentioned in American English in 1776 and the dish was long associated with German communities in the United States.
Sauerkraut was also a Pennsylvania Dutch specialty. The immigrants to America carried barrels of sauerkraut with them on their ship, as the properties in sauerkraut helped fight disease. Pennsylvania Dutch cooking is indigenous to those areas of southeastern Pennsylvania that were settled by the Mennonites and Amish. William Penn (1644-1718), founder of Pennsylvania, was seeking colonists for the Pennsylvania area. The Amish and Mennonites both settled in Pennsylvania as part of William Penn's "holy experiment" of religious tolerance. He wanted to establish a society that was godly, virtuous and exemplary for all of humanity. Encouraged by William Penn’s open invitation to persecuted religious groups, various sects of Christian Anabaptists-Mennonites and offshoots such as the Amish and the Brethren-emigrated from Germany and Switzerland. The first sizeable group arrived in America around 1730 and settled near Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
Chinese cooks were also pickling cabbage in wine (as easy as 200 B.C.) and using it as a accompaniment to meals. Genghis Khan substituted salt for the wine and carried this "sauerkraut" (as it is now called) to the eastern edge of Europe.
As to who discovered sauerkraut - I don't know. Your guess is as good as mine.
Sauerkraut is made by placing salt between layers of finely shredded cabbage and then subjecting it to pressure, which bruises the cabbage and squeezes out its juices. It then ferments.
When using canned sauerkraut, to reduce its brine flavor, place into a colander and rise well under cold, running water. Drain well before using.
Store canned sauerkraut in a cool, dark place.
Refrigerate fresh sauerkraut and use within one week.
Sauerkraut is also delicious cooked with one or two
tart apples, which have been peeled, cored, and chopped into small pieces. Cook
only until it is thoroughly heated; the apples should
What's Cooking America© copyright 2004 by Linda Stradley - United States Copyright TX 5-900-517- All rights reserved. -