Note: If you are using a whole chicken that was first cooked in the Instant Pot, pour all the remaining liquid that was left behind after cooking the chicken into a clean inner pot to use for the bone broth. This is liquid gold and has already extracted much of the nutrients from the chicken while pressure cooking. Please don't throw out that left over liquid!
Once the cooked chicken has cooled, pick off the chicken meat from the bones and set aside. Remove the skin and eat or discard. You can save at least 50% of the meat to make a lovely Homemade Chicken Noodle Soup in the Instant Pot pressure cooker and save the rest of the chicken for another meal.
Take a strainer basket or steamer back and insert into the inner pot. Place the chopped vegetables,herbs and seasonings into the basket or strainer. Next layer the chicken bones and carcass over the top of the vegetables. Try to compact the bones close together.
Pour cold water over the top of the vegetables and bones until the bones are just barely covered. Make sure the inner pot is no more than 2/3 full or it may have trouble coming to pressure. Note: the trick to making a good bone broth is to not add too much water. you only need just enough to cover the bones. If too much water is added, then the bone broth may not gel up after cooling. All the good nutrients are in the gelatin! If you run into that issue, then you may need to let your broth simmer on the stove uncovered until the contents cook down more.
Place the lid on the Instant Pot and close to seal. Next, make sure the pressure valve is closed to the sealing position. Press the Manual button, with a high-pressure setting. Adjust the cooking time for 120 minutes. When the cooking time has finished, allow to Natural Pressure Release until you see the pressure pin drop down. (This may take 20-25 minutes since there is a lot of liquid in the pot.)
Place silicon oven mitts on your hands to protect from the steam and heat. Lift out the colander or steamer basket and discard the chicken bones and vegetables. Next, pour the broth through a strainer into another large heat-proof bowl. You can repeat this step until the broth is nice and clear.
Let the broth cool down. As the broth is cooling you can skim off visible fat floating to the top and discard.
Once the broth has cooled down enough( about 2-3 hours) cover and refrigerate until ready to use. When you check the cold broth the next day, you will notice that most of the top layer has a gelatin consistency. That is a very good sign. Some people like to cut the gelatin into cubes and eat or just reheat and drink in a cup between or before meals. Otherwise, the broth is wonderful to use in soups or other recipes to add flavor and moisture.
Storing Chicken Stock: The chicken bone broth can be refrigerated up to 3 days in advance of using. If not planning to use the chicken stock within 3 days, place in the freezer until ready to use. Whether the broth has been refrigerated until cold or stored in the freezer, there will be a thin layer of chicken fat that has congealed on the top. Remove that by scraping it off with a spoon before you cook with the stock. Discard the congealed fat but be careful not to scrape off any clear gelatin. I usually refrigerate my chicken bone broth and skim off the fat before using in my soup making.
*Learn how easy it is to Cook a Whole Chicken in the Instant Pot and use the reserved meat drippings to add to your broth.
If you are in a hurry, you can also purchased a pre-cooked rotisserie chicken from the grocery store. Cut or pull most of the meat off the bones and skin; reserve approximately 50% of the chicken meat for the soup (as much or as little as you desire).
** To extract the most flavor from your stock ingredients, start with cold water.
*** The amount and types of vegetables used in your stock can vary according to your taste. I like to save vegetable scraps (such as vegetable scraps from carrots, celery, kale, zucchini, squash, bell peppers, spinach, onions, beets, beet greens, potato peelings) in a ziplock bag in freezer to add to stock. This adds a lot of additional nutrients.
Instant Pot Chicken Bone Broth Pressure Cooker Recipe: https://whatscookingamerica.net/pressure-cooker/chicken-bone-broth-instant-pot.htm