Preheat oven to 400 degrees F. Line a large, rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper or a silpad.
Rinse cauliflower and cut into quarters. Cut off and discard leaves and cores; cut quarters into 1/4- to 1/2-inch thick slices or wedges.
In a large bowl or a resealable plastic bag, toss the cauliflower with the 2 tablespoons olive oil, salt, and pepper.
Transfer the seasoned cauliflower to the prepared baking sheet and spread in a single layer.
Bake the cauliflower approximately 20 to 25 minutes, turning every 10 minutes, or until cauliflower is browned or caramelized on edges and tender. Remove from oven and let cool. Can be made 1 day in advance. Cover and refrigerator until ready to use.
Prepare the pasta according to package directions; drain and return to pan to keep warm. Learn How To Cook Pasta Properly. Reserve 1 cup of the pasta water to add to the prepared dish, if needed.
While the pasta is cooking, prepare the sauce. In a large frying pan over medium-low heat, warm the remaining 1/4 cup olive oil. Add the garlic and cook, stirring until just lightly golden, approximately 2 minutes. Add the chile pepper and continue cooking, stirring another 1 minute or until just warm. Add the anchovies and continue cooking, stirring, until the anchovies dissolve for another 2 minutes. Gently stir in the cooked cauliflower. Remove the pan from the heat.
Immediately toss the cauliflower mixture with the pasta. Add the reserved 1 cup of pasta water, stirring to combine. Add the bread crumbs, Parmesan cheese, and parsley; toss to combine. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Transfer to a large serving bowl and serve immediately.
Makes 4 to 6 servings.
* Use only good-quality Spanish or Portuguese anchovies. Anchovy paste may be substituted (approximately two inches squeezed from the tube will provide the equivalent taste of one anchovy fillet). More anchovy fillets may be added according to your personal taste.
Pasta with Roasted Cauliflower and Anchovies Recipe: https://whatscookingamerica.net/pasta_rice_main/pastacaulifloweanchovies.htm