Adjust the rack in your oven to the middle position and preheat oven to
desired temperature (see Cooking Temperature Chart below).
Rinse and scrub (I use a stiff-bristled brush) each potato under cold
running water, as you will be eating the skins of these perfect potatoes. Don't soak the potatoes (that will make
them soggy. Do not use hot water or you'll start cooking the outside and the inside won't catch up).
A majority of the vitamins and minerals are found in the skin, so don't throw it away.
Dry each potato thoroughly with a clean towel.
Look the cleaned potatoes over and remove any bruises or discolored spots with the tip of your knife.
Pierce each potato deeply with a fork or sharp knife four (4) times on each
side at approximately 1-inch intervals. This will allow steam to escape
during the baking. If you don't pierce the potatoes, they may explode during baking in your oven.
You don't want this to happen as it makes a terrible mess in your oven!
Wrapping the potato in aluminum foil will produce a soft skin (not crispy). Technically this is
steaming rather than baking (as the moisture in the potato remains trapped) and the light, flaky texture will be missing.
The texture of a steamed potato is entirely different from that of a perfect baked potato. Save yourself the trouble and expense of wrapping potatoes
in aluminum foil and serve perfect baked potatoes.
My suggestion is to NEVER use aluminum foil when baking potatoes!
For a soft potato skin, rub the outside of the potato with
olive oil, vegetable oil, or butter over the skins.
I like to roll the potatoes in
coarse or sea salt after rolling in the oil and before baking. Place coarse salt onto a small plate. Roll
potatoes lightly in the salt. The skin is so yummy to eat!
Bake on racks of oven until tender.
Bake according to the Temperature Chart below. Do not overcook potatoes as the insides will be dry, so it's important to be vigilant.
Cooking Temperatures for Perfect Baked Potatoes Every Time:
Conventional or Regular Oven:
(about 5 ounces or 150 grams each)
45 minutes at 400 degrees F.
60 minutes at 350 degrees F.
90 minutes at 325 degrees F.
Place the potato directly on the oven rack in a preheated oven.
Place a baking sheet (I put a piece of aluminum foil) on the lower
rack (below the potatoes) to catch any drippings
Potatoes are done if tender when pierced with a fork and the internal temperature reaches 210 degrees F.
You can also use a
meat thermometer to test for doneness.
You can also test for doneness by gently squeezing the middle of the potato (using a pot holder). If it gives in easily to your touch, it is done.
NOTE: If you're cooking more than 4 potatoes, you'll need to extend the cooking time by up to 15 minutes.
Medium-size potatoes (about 5 ounces or 150 grams each)
45 minutes at 375 degrees F.
60 minutes at 325 degrees F.
90 minutes at 300 degrees F.
Convection ovens cook up to 20% faster than
regular ovens. Also, the food in a convection oven is cooked at
a lower temperature than in a regular oven to achieve the same results.
The general rule is to decrease your oven temperature at least 25 degrees lower than a regular oven.
You can also use a
meat thermometer to test for doneness. Potatoes are done if tender when pierced with a
fork and the internal temperature reaches 210 degrees F.
is the type of cooking and meat thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking. I get many readers
asking what cooking/meat thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking and baking. I, personally, use the
Thermapen Thermometer shown in the photo on the right. Originally designed for professional users, the
Super-Fast Thermapen Thermometer is used by chefs all over the world. To learn more about this excellent
thermometer and to also purchase one (if you desire), just click on the underlined:
The higher the oven temperature, the shorter the cooking time will be and the crustier the skin. Larger potatoes will take longer to bake. Bake potatoes along
with whatever else you are baking and gauge the cooking time according to oven temperature.
Turn the potatoes over halfway through the baking time to prevent browning of the undersides where they touch the oven rack.
Potatoes are done if tender when pierced with a fork and the internal temperature reaches 210 degrees F. Use a
meat thermometer to test for doneness. You can also test for doneness by
gently squeezing the middle of the potato (using a pot holder or oven mitt). If it gives in easily to your touch, it is done.
When baked to perfection, remove potatoes from the oven. Slit across the
top with a sharp knife. Gently pinch (squeeze) in each end of the potato towards the middle
(using your thumb and index finger). The potato will pop oven loosen the fluffy white interior from the skin.
Be careful as there will be some steam.
You now have a perfect baked potato - All you need to do is top it with your favorite topping and enjoy!