Grilling – Slow Cooker – Instant Pot Pressure Cooker Instructions
In the summertime, I like to make Hawaiian Shoyu Chicken by marinating the chicken in the Shoyu sauce all day and grill on the barbecue. Finishing with a glaze made from the marinade gives a beautiful and delicious finish. Grilling the chicken, instead of slow cooking, would make this a Japanese Teriyaki dish.
In the wintertime I like to make my Hawaiian Shoyu Chicken in the crock-pot to cook slowly all day and add carrots and celery towards the end of the cooking cycle and serve over rice. If you want to prepare even quicker, I have also provided Instant Pot cooking instructions. Either way this chicken is Ono (delicious)!
Shoyu Chicken is among one of Hawaii’s favourite plate lunches. This dish is a soy sauce (also known as “shoyu” in Japanese) and sweet ginger flavored chicken that will be very tender and easily fall apart with a fork. The distinct cuisine unique to Hawaiian food is a meld of flavors from the island natives and contributions from immigrants from around the Asian rim. Soy sauce is a Japanese flavor staple, where ginger root was added by Vietnamese settlers as one of their contributions to the fusion. Shoyu chicken is wonderful served over rice so the sauce flavors can soak in. A plate lunch typically consists of a scoop or two of rice, scoop of macaroni salad and a saucy meat entree like Hawaiian Kalua Pork or Shoyu Chicken where the sauces can soak into the rice.
Plate lunches are considered a Hawaiian staple that derived from the Japanese immigrants who would have cold rice and left over meats for their lunches as they worked in the sugar cane or pineapple fields.
If you want to adjust the quantity of this recipe, make sure that the soy sauce, sugar, and water are equal.
- 1 cup soy sauce (can substitute low sodium soy sauce)
- 1 cup (firmly-packed) brown sugar (can substitute honey or Agave Nectar)*
- 1 cup water (can substitute chicken stock)
- 4 to 6 garlic cloves, minced or crushed
- 1 large onion, chopped
- 2 tablespoons ginger root, freshly grated
- 1 tablespoon black pepper, ground
- 1 tablespoon oregano, dried
- 1 teaspoon red pepper flakes, crushed (optional)**
- 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper, ground (optional)
- 1 teaspoon paprika
- 3 pounds chicken thighs, skinless***
- 1 tablespoon cornstarch (approximate)
- Short or medium-grain white rice, coocked****
- Green onions and sesame seeds (for garnish)
Prepare Marinade/Shoyu Sauce: In a large bowl or large re-sealable plastic bag, combine the soy sauce, brown sugar, water, garlic, onion, ginger root, black pepper, oregano, red pepper flakes, cayenne pepper, and paprika.
Add the chicken thighs to the prepared Marinade/Shoyu Sauce. Either cover the bowl with plastic wrap or seal the plastic bag. Let marinade in the refrigerator for at least 1 hour or overnight.
Preheat barbecue grill for medium heat (spray grill with non-stick vegetable spray).
Remove the chicken thighs from the marinade; reserve the marinade to make the glaze (see below).
While the chicken is grilling, make the Glaze: In a large saucepan or wide sautpan over medium-high heat, add the remaining marinade. Add the cornstarch, stirring constantly, until a low boil. Still stirring constantly, keep at a low boil (turn heat down if necessary), for approximately 15 to 20 minutes or until the marinade mixture is reduced to a consistency of a syrupy glaze. Remove from heat and set aside until the chicken thighs are finished cooking,
Brush the prepared Glaze over the grilled chicken thighs before serving.
Serve with cooked white rice. Glaze can also be drizzled over the rice.
Preheat crock pot/slow cooker on high for 1 hour.
NOTE: For food safety, it is a good idea to cook on HIGH for the first hour to quickly bring the temperature up to 140 degrees. Then turn the dial to LOW to cook the chicken thighs. The LOW setting is equal to about 200 degrees F. in the oven.
Place the chicken thighs in the preheated crock pot; pour the prepared Marinade/Shoyu Sauce over the chicken thighs.
Cook on low temperature for approximately 8 hours or on high temperature for approximately 4 hours. The chicken thighs are done when they are fall apart fork tender. In the last hour of cooking, add sliced celery and carrots; cook until the vegetables are tender.
Serve over cooked rice.
Cover with lid and seal to close. Make sure the pressure valve is also closed. Select Manual button, high pressure and set cooking time for 10 minutes. (Note - If using chicken breasts, cook thinner cutlets for 15 minutes, high pressure and thicker chicken breasts for 30 minutes high pressure.) When cooking time is done, Natural Pressure Release the pressure until the pressure pin drops. Open the lid.
To thicken the sauce: in a small bowl stir together 1 1/2 tablespoons of cornstarch and 2 tablespoons of cold water to make a slurry.
Remove the cooked chicken pieces to a plate and set aside. Press the Saute button on the Instant Pot and bring to Medium heat setting. Mix in the cornstarch slurry into the shoyu sauce in the pot. Stir together until sauce is thickened.
Served chicken over cooked rice and drizzle shoyu sauce over the chicken and rice and enjoy.
* For 1 cup of brown sugar, substitute 2/3 of agave nectar and reduce other liquids in recipe by cup.
** This small amount will not be too hot - just enhance the flavor.
*** Chicken breasts can be used, but dark meat chicken, such as thighs, add more flavor
**** Cook rice according to package directions.
This is the type of pressure cooker that I prefer to use in my cooking: I get readers asking which electric pressure cooker brand I prefer to use for cooking. I personally use the Instant Pot Multi-Use Pressure Cooker. I love having 7 cooking functions in one space saving appliance – Pressure Cooker, Slow Cooker, Rice Cooker, Saute Pan, Steamer, Yogurt Maker and Warmer.
Learn more tips on How to Use an Instant Pot Pressure Cooker.
I get many readers asking what cooking/meat thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking and baking. I, personally, use the Thermapen Thermometer. Originally designed for professional use, the Super-Fast Thermapen Thermometer is used by chefs all over the world. I only endorse a few products, on my web site, that I like and use regularly.
You can learn more or buy yours at: Super-Fast Thermapen Thermometer.
Dana Zia and her website, Go Lightly Gourmet – History of Hawaii’s Cuisine.
Categories:Grilled Chicken Breasts, Legs, Wings & Thighs Hawaiian Chicken Recipes Hawaiian Food History Pressure Cooker Poultry Recipes Slow Cooker Poultry Recipes Slow Cooker Stew Recipes Summer