Cooking With Wine - How To Cook With Wine

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Wine Article by Linda Stradley of What's Cooking America.
 

"If you do not have a good wine to use, it is far better to omit it, for a poor one can spoil a simple dish and utterly debase a noble one."
by Julia Child


Also check out the following great web page: How To Successfully Taste Wine - Wine Tasting Basics

 



Questions And Answers About Cooking With Wine:

QUESTION: Will recipes taste better if I use a premium or expensive wine?

ANSWER: A good-quality wine will give the same fine flavor to a dish as a premium wine or expensive wine. Save the premium wine to serve with the meal. Remember - only use wines in cooking that you would enjoy drinking.


QUESTION: What is "cooking sherry?"

ANSWER: Cooking sherry usually has salt or chemicals added to make it unpalatable as a sipping wine. Sold in small bottles, it is generally more expensive than regular sherry. I do not recommend using anything labeled "cooking wine."


QUESTION: Will wine in food make me tipsy?

ANSWER: No. The alcohol in wine begins to evaporate at 172 degrees - well short of the boiling point of water. Even people who avoid drinking wine for religious or personal reasons can cook with wine.


QUESTION: Can I use leftover wine for cooking?

ANSWER: Yes. To save leftover wine for cooking, pour into smaller bottles, cork tightly and store in the refrigerator.


QUESTION: How much wine should I use in a recipe when cooking?

ANSWER: This question depends upon the flavor intensity of the wine and the foods you are cooking. Proceed slowly in adding additional wine than the recipe calls for. Wine needs time to impart its flavor. If you're not sure whether to add more wine to a dish, let the dish cook at least ten minutes before tasting again. Adding more wine than the recipe calls for won't necessarily make it better. Wine does not automatically turn an ordinary dish into a gourmet dish. Use it with discretion.

Suggested amounts to add:
Soups - 2 tablespoons per cup
Sauces - 1 tablespoon per cup
Gravies - 2 tablespoons per cup
Stews & Meats - 1/4 cup per pound
Poaching liquid for fish - 1/2 cup per quart


QUESTION: Since I can not drink alcoholic beverages, I can't use them in my cooking. Do you have some ideas for substituting other liquids in place of the wine?

ANSWER:  Check out my web page Alcohol Substitutions In Cooking.
 



Cooking With Wine - How To Cook With Wine

Cooking with wine can be a pleasure and an enhancement to good food and a fine meal!

When wine is heated, the alcoholic content as well as sulfites disappears, leaving only the essence imparting a subtle flavor.



Wine Selection:

The first and most important rule: Use only wines in your cooking that you would drink. Never, never use any wine that you WOULD NOT DRINK! If your do not like the taste of a wine, you will not like the dish you choose to use it in.

Do not use the so-called "cooking wines!"  These wine are typically salty and include other additives that my affect the taste of your chosen dish and menu. The process of cooking/reducing will bring out the worst in an inferior wine. Please promise yourself never, never to stoop to such a product!  Linda's rule of thumb is: I do not cook with something I will not drink.

An expensive wine is not necessary, although a cheap wine will not bring out the best characteristics of your dish. A good quality wine, that you enjoy, will provide the same flavor to a dish as a premium wine. Save the premium wine to serve with the meal.


wine in wine rackHow To Cook With Wine:

Wine has three main uses in the kitchen - as a marinade ingredient, as a cooking liquid, and as a flavoring in a finished dish.

The function of wine in cooking is to intensify, enhance, and accent the flavor and aroma of food - not to mask the flavor of what you are cooking but rather to fortify it.

As with any seasoning used in cooking, care should be taken in the amount of wine used - too little is inconsequential and too much will be overpowering. Neither extreme is desirable. A small quantity of wine will enhance the flavor of the dish.

The alcohol in the wine evaporates while the food is cooking, and only the flavor remains. Boiling down wine concentrates the flavor, including acidity and sweetness. Be careful not to use too much wine as the flavor could overpower your dish.

For best results, wine should not be added to a dish just before serving. The wine should simmer with the food, or sauce, to enhance the flavor of the dish. If added late in the preparation, it could impart a harsh quality. It should simmer with the food or in the sauce while it is being cooked; as the wine cooks, it reduces and becomes an extract which flavors. Wine added too late in the preparation will give a harsh quality to the dish. A wine needs time to impart its flavor in your dish. Wait 10 minutes or more to taste before adding more wine.

Remember that wine does not belong in every dish. More than one wine-based sauce in a single meal can be monotonous. Use wine is cooking only when it has something to contribute to the finished dish.


Sulfites in Wine:

All wines contain some small amount of sulfites, as they are a natural result of the same fermentation process that turns grape juice into alcohol. Even wines that have not had any sulfites added during the winemaking process contain some amount of sulfites. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is used by winemakers to keep freshly pressed "must" from spoiling. It keeps down the activities of native yeast and bacteria and preserves the freshness of the wine.

When cooking with wine containing sulfites, you do not concentrate them as you would flavor, but rather they evaporate like alcohol. The sulfite goes through a conversion in the liquid of the wine to produce sulfur dioxide. This is actually the compound that prevents the oxidation. It also is a gas, and when subjected to heat, it dissipates into the air. All that remains is some salts, but they are so minute in quantity that they have no affect on flavor.
 

Storage of Leftover Wine :

Leftover wine can be refrigerated and used for cooking if held for only 1 or 2 weeks. If you have at least a half bottle on wine left over, pour it off into a clean half bottle, cork it, and store in the refrigerator. Without air space at the top, the rebottled wine will keep for up to 1 month.
 

Wine Reduction for Pan Sauces:

1/2 to 3/4 cup raw wine = 2 tablespoons of wine reduction

For ultimate flavor, wine should be reduced slowly over low heat. This method takes more time and effort, but will achieve a superior sauce because the flavor compounds present in the wine are better preserved.

 



Traditional formula for pairing wine with cooking:

Young, full bodied red wine

Red meat, red meat dishes

Young, full bodied, robust red wine

Red sauces

Earthy red, full bodied red wine

Soups with root vegetables and/or beef stock

Dry white wine or dry fortified wine

Fish/shellfish/seafood, poultry, pork, veal

Dry white wine or dry fortified wine

Light/cream sauces

Crisp, dry white wine

Seafood soups, bouillabaisse

Sweet white wine or sweet fortified wine

Sweet desserts

Dry, fortified wine (i.e.: sherry)

Consommé, poultry, vegetable soups

Regional cuisine

Regional wine



Actual Consumption of Alcohol:

The amount of alcohol that remains in your dish is dependent on the manner and length of preparation. Typically, the alcohol in the wine evaporates while cooking and only the flavor remains. The following table of alcohol remaining after food preparation is from the Agricultural Research Services of the USDA (1989):

100%

Immediate Consumption

70%

Overnight Storage

85%

Boiling liquid, remove from heat

75%

Flamed


Dishes that have been baked or simmered:

40%

After 15 minutes

35%

After 30 minutes

25%

After 1 hour

20%

After 1.5 hours

10%

After 2 hours

5%

After 2.5 hours




pinot noir grape bunchAlso check out Linda's favorite recipes using wine:

Cabernet Filet Mignon

Cabernet-Cherry Filet Mignon

Cherries in Pinot Noir Wine

Chicken Piccata

Lamb with Port Sauce

Pinot Noir Poached Figs

Pinot Noir Poached Salmon

Risotto with Poached Pears

Saffron Risotto
 

 


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