Recaito, Sazon Seasoning, and Sofrito can be found in Spanish stores or large supermarkets. Look in the spice section.
In a medium bowl, combine onion, bell pepper, oregano, green olives, garlic powder or garlic salt, basil, recaito, sazon seasoning, capers, and sofrito; add just enough white vinegar to cover the ingredients; mix and crush together until well blended.
Preparing the fat (cuerito): To make this roast pork shoulder recipe, you peel back the fat (skin) and make incisions in the meat, which allows the garlicky marinade to seep in.
With a sharp knife cut the fat away from the meat, leaving an edge attached and keeping it all in one piece. Start at the wide end and go to the narrow end with your knife. Do not separate it completely, but leave just enough still connected so that you can flip the fat back over to the side while you season the meat itself. The fat will be placed over the seasoned meat and will cook over the meat giving it more flavor. Season the side of the fat that goes over the meat with a bit of the seasoning.
Using a small sharp knife, cut 1-inch deep slits on all sides of the pork roast (the more cuts the more taste). Using a spoon or your fingers, stuff the prepared seasoning mixture into each slit. Place the fat (skin) back over the roast.
Place pork roast into a large dish or pan. Pour any extra seasoning mixture over the roast, cover with aluminum foil and refrigerate overnight. You can season the perníl a couple of days ahead and refrigerate, uncooked. Some folks season and freeze it until they need it.
Preheat oven to 325 degrees F.
Place the prepared roast, fat side up, onto a rack in a baking pan (with at least 1-inch sides). Place a little water in the bottom of the pan. Mix paprika with a little olive oil; rub over the roast.
NEVER cover the roast as you bake it as you will steam the fat (cuerito) to softness. This is considered a mortal sin in Puerto Rican homes.
Bake, uncovered, 4 to 5 hours or until a meat thermometer registers an internal temperature between 160 degrees F. (medium-well done)-180 degrees F.(well done). Baste with juice every 30 minutes (if roast starts to get too brown during baking, cover with aluminum foil). Do not turn the roast while cooking.
Remove from oven and transfer onto a large cutting board. When the roast is done, the pork should be just about falling off the bone and a thing of beauty, crisp and dark.
This is the type of cooking and meat thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking. I get many readers asking what cooking/meat thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking and baking. I, personally, use the Thermapen Thermometer shown in the photo on the right. To learn more about this excellent thermometer and to also purchase one (if you desire), just click on the underlined: Thermapen Thermometer.
Let stand 20 to 30 minutes tented with foil before carving (meat temperature will rise 5 to 10 degrees after it is removed from the oven). After carving, transfer onto a large serving platter.
Serves a large family gathering.