Categories:Ice Cream Ice Cream & Ices History
A little background history:
Some historians claim, but never proven to be true, that the name “sundae” was created in response to the “Blue Laws” which said that ice cream sodas could not be sold on Sundays because they were to “frilly.” For some reason the “righteous” very much against what they called “sucking soda” (especially on the Sabbath and the clergy started preaching against them). The dish has gone by other names at various time, most notably “sundi” and “sondhi.” Some accounts have explained all these names as attempts to avoid offending the sensibilities of the devoutly religious, which might take a dim view of a pile of ice cream and syrup being named after the Sabbath.
The biggest rivalry is between Two Rivers, Wisconsin and Ithaca, New York. This dispute dates back from the 1970s with letters and barbs between the mayors of these cities. This is definitely serious business and a matter of pride for these towns. The two cities have sparred in a good-natured “Sundae War” for several decades.
H. L. Mencken (1880-1956), famed newspaper columnist, political commentator, and essayist, in his 1945 book, The American Language: Supplement 1, while writing on the suffix “DAE” as in sundae, wrote that the “most plausible of their theories ascribes the introduction of the ‘sundae’ itself to George Hallauer of Marshall, Illinois, and the invention of its name to George Giffy of Manitowoc, Wisconsin.” Mencken version was so well received that some sources still cite it as a possible etymological source for the word “sundae.” Mencken claimed Wisconsin sundae origins predated all others. Mencken’s name and the plausibility of his stories have kept them alive, and still believed by many, to this day. Mencken was just reporting something that had been told in Two Rivers (and elsewhere) for decades prior to his book.
True or False? Author Michael Turback, who wrote A Month of Sundaes: Ithaca’s Gift to the World and More Than a Month of Sundae, says the Two Rivers story, as well as one about Manitowoc, were bandied about by the late journalist H. L. Mencken, who reported on the matter in the first volume of “The American Language,” published in 1919, but later admitted it was a hoax. He just said Mencken was known for pulling hoaxes.
1881 – Two Rivers, Wisconsin:
Two Rivers, Wisconsin claims that the first ice cream sundae was served by accident in 1881. Druggist Edward Berners (1863-1939), owner of Ed Berners’ Ice Cream Parlor was asked by a George Hallauer asked for a ice cream soda. Because it was Sunday, the Sabbath, Mr. Berners compromised and put ice cream in a dish and poured the chocolate syrup on top (chocolate syrup was only used for making flavored ice cream sodas at the time). Ed Berners sampled the dish and liked it enough to begin featuring “ice cream with syrup” in his shop for the same price as a dish of ice cream. This ice cream concoction cost a nickel, and soon everybody wanted some.
The only reference to support Two Rivers’ claim is a 1929 Two Rivers Reporter newspaper interview by Seymour Althen in which Edward Berners recounts his 40-year-old recollection of how the sundae came about:
“One night, Hallauer dropped in and ordered a dish of ice cream. As I was serving it, he spied a bottle of chocolate syrup on the back bar, which I used for making sodas. ‘Why don’t you put some of that chocolate on the ice cream?'” he asked.
“‘You don’t want to ruin the flavor of the ice cream,’ I protested, but Hallauer answered ‘I’ll try anything once,’ and I poured on the chocolate. Hallauer liked it, and the ice cream sundae was born.”
Here is a question: Wisconsin birth records indicate Edward Berners was only 18 years old in 1881. It was unlikely than an 18 year old would have been the owner of a ice cream parlor. Ed Berners’ obituary in the La Crosse Tribune and Leader-Press newspaper on Sunday Morning, July 2, 1939 reads:
Fond du Lac, wis – (AP) – E. C. Berner, 76, of Two Rivers, who claimed to be the originator of the ice cream sundae, died Saturday at the home of a sister, Mrs. Albert Pilon, where he had lived for the last two months.
Edward Berners closed his ice cream parlor in 1927. Today, the Washington House Hotel Museum in Two Rivers includes a replica of Ed Berner’s ice cream parlor.
The Wisconsin State Historical Society recognizes Two Rivers, Wisconsin as the birthplace of the sundae and in 1973 erected a historical marker in Two Rivers Central Memorial Park that reads:
ICE CREAM SUNDAE – In 1881, George Hallauer asked Edward C. Berner, the owner of a soda fountain at 1404 – 15th Street, to top a dish of ice cream with chocolate sauce, hitherto used only for ice cream sodas. The concoction cost a nickel and soon became very popular, but was sold only on Sundays. One day a ten year old girl insisted she have a dish of ice cream “with that stuff on top,” saying they could “pretend it was Sunday.” After that, the confection was sold every day in many flavors. It lost its Sunday only association, to be called ICE CREAM SUNDAE when a glassware salesman placed an order with his company for the long canoe-shaped dishes in which it was served, as “Sundae dishes.”
In 2006, the town of Two Rivers responded to Ithaca with a resolution demanding that Ithace “cease and desist from it’s claim:
2006 City Council Resolution
RESOLUTION FORMALLY CHALLENGING THE CITY OF ITHACA, NEW YORK’S CLAIM TO BE
“BIRTHPLACE OF THE ICE CREAM SUNDAE”
Whereas, Ed Berners invented the ice cream sundae at his Two Rivers soda fountain in 1881; and
Whereas, this historic accomplishment has resulted in our community being known far and wide as the “Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae;” and
Whereas, this status has been recognized by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, whose State Historic Marker in Two Rivers Central Park proudly proclaims this community as “Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae;” and
Whereas, it is only fitting and proper that the “coolest city” in America’s Dairyland be afforded sole possession of this title; and
Whereas, other, lesser-known communities, including Evanston, Illinois, Buffalo, New York, Baltimore, Maryland, Ithaca, New York and even neighboring Manitowoc, Wisconsin, have from time to time sought to claim this title; and
Whereas, in keeping with modern concepts of municipal government and international relations, Two Rivers holds to the belief that it is only appropriate to launch a “pre-emptive strike” when any such community tries to assert its spurious claim to be the birthplace of this iconic American confection; and
Whereas, it has recently come to our attention that Ithaca, New York, not content with just promoting its status as home to one of America’s great universities, in the Finger Lakes region of beautiful upstate New York, has once again dusted off its claim to be “Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae;” and
Whereas, this latest attempt to legitimize such revisionist history has as its centerpiece a “Month of Sundaes” promotion being plotted by operatives within the Ithaca/Tompkins County Visitor and Convention Bureau; and
Whereas, Ithaca’s experience with ice cream sundaes is of relatively recent vintage, dating to Chester Platt’s fabrication of a cherry sundae at his drug store soda fountain in 1892, a full eleven years after Ed Berners’ sundaes began broadening children’s smiles and adults’ waistlines in our community on the shore of Lake Michigan;
Now, therefore, be it resolved, that the City of Two Rivers re-asserts its status as Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae; and
Be it further resolved, that the City of Ithaca is hereby directed to cease and desist from its continued claims of being “Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae,” lest the City of Two Rivers be forced to take further action to set the historical record straight; and
Be it further resolved that the good citizens of Ithaca are urged to henceforth direct their energies to more appropriate pursuits, like cheering on the athletic teams of Cornell University and celebrating the beauty of the Finger Lakes Region, while leaving ice cream sundaes to the town that knows them best: Two Rivers, Wisconsin;
Be it further resolved that copies of this resolution be forwarded forthwith to Mayor Carolyn Peterson and the Common Council of the City of Ithaca, as well as to the board and staff of the Ithaca/Tompkins County Visitor and Convention Bureau, to advise them of the folly of their endeavor, along with sincere best wishes from the citizens of “The Coolest City in Wisconsin”—and Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae—Two Rivers.
Dated this 19th day of June, 2006.
1892 – Ithaca, New York:
Ithaca, New York also claims to be the birthplace of the ice cream sundae in 1892. Reportedly, Sunday afternoon, April 3,1892, after services at the Unitarian Church, Reverend John M. Scott paid his usual visit to the Platt & Colt Pharmacy in downtown Ithaca. Shop proprietor, Chester C. Platt (1869-1934), was church treasurer and he met often with Scott for conversation after services. Seeking refreshment for himself and the reverend, Platt asked his fountain clerk, DeForest Christiance, for two bowls of ice cream. But instead of serving the reverend plain vanilla, Platt took the bowls and topped each with cherry syrup and a candied cherry. The finished dish looked delightful and tasted delicious — so much so that the men felt obliged to name the new creation. After some debate, Scott suggested that it be named for the day it was created. Platt concurred and the first “Cherry Sunday”was born.
Photo of Chester C. Platt – From the archives of the National Park Service’s Morristown National Historic Park in New Jersey
Ithaca has extensive documentation supporting the sundae’s creation in its’ town in 1892. The information is so specific, the city can almost pinpoint the exact hour the first ice cream “Sunday” was served. While other cities may claim the sundae, none can support its claim with primary evidence. This gives Ithaca title to the first documented ice cream sundae in the United States.
Two Ithaca high school seniors, Meredith Buchberg and Laura Willemsen, spent 6 months working as Corson Fellow interns at The History Center in Tompkins County in 2007, researching online data bases and physical archives to discover the “Sundae Truth.” They researched and uncovered the below information to back up Ithaca’s claim as “The Birthplace of the Sundae.”
Discovered in 2007 in the archives of Cornell University’s Kroch Library, the original ledger books from the Platt & Colt pharmacy prove that Chester Platt was indeed selling ice cream in the early 1890s and had the necessary supplies on hand to create the first sundae. The ledgers also confirm DeForest Christiance’s claim that he was an employee of Platt & Colt when the sundae was created.
NOTE: When going through Platt & Colt’s ledger books, the researchers found that Deforest Christiance got a raise two weeks after they started selling sundaes. His salary went from $2 week to $4.50. Christiance must have saved his money. He eventually bought the business and ran it through the 1920s. Chester Platt moved into politics and became a reformer in the NY Democratic Party. He later became a newspaper editor.
Letter from Platt & Colt clerk DeForest Christiance to John G. Brooks, May 25, 1936:
In the 1930s, perhaps as a respite from other Depression-era news, numerous newspaper articles appeared debating the origins of the sundae. Former Platt & Colt shop clerk DeForest Christiance weighed in on the national debate with this letter to the city’s resident historian, John Brooks. This document, rediscovered in 2007 in the Archives of The History Center in Tompkins County, forms the basis of Ithaca’s story. It’s a colorful tale, but without corroborating evidence, it’s hardly definitive.
Letter from Washington, D.C. patent attorney William G. Henderson to Platt & Colt Pharmacy, March 23, 1894:
Discovered in 2007 in the archives of Cornell University’s Kroch Library, this letter confirms that Platt & Colt’s ice cream “Sunday” dates to at least 1894 and by that time, had gained enough popularity for its creators to seek trademark protection. The attempt proved fruitless, federal trademark protection didn’t extend to domestic commerce at the time. Interesting to note, attorney Henderson didn’t indicate any familiarity with the notion of an ice cream sundae. But within 10 years, sundaes would be served at soda fountains nationwide.
Late 1800s – Evanston, Illinois:
The town of Evanston, Illinois claims to have originated the name or phrase – ice cream sundae. They do not claim to have been the originator of the sundae. Evanston, Illinois (then know as Chicago’s Heaven or Heavenston) was one of the first towns to outlaw the “Sunday Soda Menace.” Evanston was a very strict religious town where the Sabbath was strictly observed. The town even passed an ordinance prohibiting the retailing of ice cream sodas on Sunday. According to sources published in Evanston, the sundae originated at Garwoods’ Drugstore. In order for people to continue getting their ice cream treats, some creative person turned it into a sundae instead. They did not serve ice cream sodas. They served sodas without soda on Sunday. The Evanston Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) championed it as a pleasant alternative to alcoholic drinks. Mr. Richard Lloyd Jones, former editor and publisher of the Tulsa Tribune, wrote the following in an article he wrote one the history of the ice cream sundae:
. . . There are at least half a dozen communities in America that claim the Sundae as their own; another famous etymology traces the ice cream sundae to Ithaca, New York. But Evanstonians would like to believe the word belongs to them. The Evanston Review once wrote: “While Ithaca may have had the sundae as early as 1897, as the chamber of commerce there claims, it obviously got there by two means. Either some Northwestern student brought it home with him or a Cornell student from Evanston took it there.’
What would a sundae be without the tradition Maraschino Cherry? Learn about the history of the maraschino cherry. Also maraschino cherry myths and facts.
1880s: Historical Event/Fact, by Tamara K. Gross.
A Month of Sundaes: Ithaca’s Gift to the World, by Michael Turback, Red Rock Press, New York, NY, 2002. – Official Website of the Ice Cream Sundae.
Bruce Stoff, Marketing Communications Manager, Ithaca/Tompkins Convention & Visitors Bureau.
Chocolate, Strawberry, and Vanilla: A History of American Ice Cream, by Ann Cooper Funderburg, published by Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1995.
Greek Trivia: Sweetness and Lies.
History of the Ice Cream Sundae, by Mr. Richard Lloyd Jones, Tulsa Tribune, Evanston Public Library.
Meredith Buchberg and Laura Willemsen, Corson Fellow interns at The History Center in Tompkins county in 2007.
Official website of the Ice Cream Sundae.
Sundae Best: A History of Soda Fountains, by Anne Funderburg, Popular Press, an imprint of University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.
Two Rivers Historical Society, The REAL Birthplace of the Ice Cream Sundae.
Welcome to Ithaca, Home of the Ice Cream Sundae. Copies of the original documents presented here are on display for public review at the History Center in Tompkins County.