Pound Cake History

Pound Cake History
– The name (Pound Cake) comes from the fact that the original pound cakes contained one pound each of butter, sugar, eggs, and flour.  No leaveners were used other than the air whipped into the batter.  In the days when many people could not read, this simple convention made it simple to remember recipes.

A cake made of 1 pound of each of butter, sugar, eggs, and flour would have been very large and would have been able to serve multiple families.  As years went by, the portions of the ingredients used were adjusted to make a smaller, lighter cake.  However, the name of the cake stuck.


pound cake historyPhoto from Kraft Foods’ website.


1700s – The Pound Cake is a British creation that dates back to the early 1700s.


1796 – In the 1796 cookbook American Cookery: or, The Art of Dressing Viands, Fish, Poultry and Vegetables, and the Best Modes of Making Puff-pastes, Pies, Tarts, Puddings, Custards and Preserves, and all kinds of Cakes, from the Imperial Plumb to plain Cake by Amelia Simmons, she includes two recipes.  This was the first cookbook authored by an American and published in the United States.

Note: The spelling below is how the actual recipe spelled the words. “F” was used instead of “S.”

POUND CAKE – One pound fugar, one pound butter, one pound flour, ten eggs, rofe water one gill, spices to our tafte; watch it well, it will bake in a flow oven in 15 minutes.

Another (called) POUND CAKE – Work three quarters of a pound butter, one pound of good fugar, till very white, whip ten whites to a foam, add the yolks and beat together, add one fpoon rofe water, two of brandy, and put the whole to one and a quarter of a pound flour, if yet to foft add flour and bake flowly.


1800s – By the mid 1800’s pound cake recipes began to deviate slightly from the original formula to make a lighter cake.


1881 – The Pound Cake has traditionally been a popular dessert in the southern states.  The first known cookbook written an African-American, Abby Fisher, called What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Old Southern Cooking.  Mrs. Fisher, born a slave, somehow found her way to San Francisco soon after the Civil War and created a life and business there manufacturing and selling “pickles, preserves, brandies, fruits, etc.  Mrs. Fisher could not read or write.  It is said that her friends wrote down her recipes and helped her publish her cookbook.  Her cookbook includes two Pound Cake recipes.


1900s – Artificial leaveners (baking powder/soda) were added.  Today, pound cakes use different proportions of the same ingredients as the original formula to produce a lighter cake.


Check out some of our pound cake recipes:

Almond Honey Pound Cake Recipe
Uncle Jimmy’s Chocolate Pound Cake Recipe



Cake    Cakes History    Historical Cakes   

Comments and Reviews

7 Responses to “Pound Cake History”

  1. B.Scott

    What’s the liquid in poundcake? Milk or water and how much?

  2. Dennis

    Regarding “F was used instead of S” in the 1796 cookbook, it’s not an F. If you look at the letter, the cross stroke is not the same as the one in the lowercase F. This was known as a “long S” and was used to start words and in instances of double S. (The use of long S in the quoted text in the words ‘rose’ and ‘taste’ is not grammatically correct as far as I know.)

  3. Laurin

    Um…. there is no definition for “Fugar” because “Fugar” is not a word…. neither is “Fpoon”
    Please… give a definition for “Fpoon” and “Fugar”

    • Nancy

      When reading the entire article you will see that this recipe is quoted as written, from the 1700’s and it is noted that the spelling is exact, replacing the F for an S in the ingredients.

  4. JimDandy

    I found thif article to be very informative.

  5. Cynthia

    What size of pan would have been used in the original recipe?


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