How To Make Homemade Ice Cream
Vanilla and Chocolate Custard Ice Cream Recipes
When you make your own, you combine fresh, rich ingredients with the flavorings and add-ins of your choice, for a delectable experience. If you own an electric or hand operated ice cream freezer, making your own ice cream can be fun and easy.
My grandson, Chris Hartman, was given his great-grandmother’s old-fashion ice cream maker. The recipes below are his first attempts at making delicious homemade ice cream. Chris now likes to make homemade ice cream for all our family gatherings.
For a detailed and interesting history of the following individual types of ice cream, check out the underlined ice cream titles: Baked Alaska – Ice Cream and Ices – Ice Cream Cone – Ice Cream Sundae.
Vanilla and Chocolate Custard Ice Cream Recipes
How to Make Homemade Chocolate Ice Cream
The Science of Making Homemade Ice Cream:
Using salt and ice – The freezing procedure has a two-fold purpose, the removal of heat from the mix and the incorporation of air into the mix. Heat is removed by conduction through the metal to the salt-water brine surrounding the freezing can. To help the ice cream mixture to freeze, the container holding the mixture is surrounded ice and rock salt. If you use too much salt, the mixture will freeze too quickly and will not be smooth. If you use too little salt, the ice cream might not even freeze. Unless your ice cream recipe says otherwise, use 1/2 cup rock salt to 4 cups crushed ice.
Ice Cream freezer is full and ready to go. We are now making homemade ice cream!
Churning – Good ice cream is determined not only by the taste but also the texture. The continuous churning with the ice cream freezer is important because it adds air into the mixture. This makes the ice cream smooth and increases its final volume.
Once you start the churning process, don’t stop! If you stop for a long break, large ice crystals would form in the coldest part of the mixture. This would produce a grainy texture in parts of the ice cream and the center may not even freeze. The continuous churning also distributes the flavorings and brings the un-frozen portions of the mixture to the surface. The ice cream mixture usually takes between 20 to 30 minutes to freeze and the freezing container is then placed into a freezer to allow the ice cream to harden.
When the ice cream is done, either serve and enjoy or transfer to freezer containers and freeze until firmer. NOTE: Freshly made ice cream will be soft. To freeze, put in an airtight plastic container and place in the freezer for at least an hour, preferably several hours or overnight.
Makes approximately 1 quart of ice cream.
Storing Homemade Ice Cream: Homemade ice cream does not store as well as store-bought ice cream. For best results, transfer leftover homemade ice cream into a plastic airtight container. Store in the freezer for no more than one week. If the texture of the stored ice cream is grainy, let the ice cream soften, then beat it before serving to smooth the texture.
Customize your ice cream recipes with fruits, nuts, and flavorings: These extra added ingredients should be added about 8 to 10 minutes after the ice cream has begun freezing (at this point the mixture will be thick enough to prevent the chunks from sinking to the bottom). Some additions will need a little preparation before adding, and some ice cream bases may need some adjustments to accept the additions.
Fresh Fruit and Dried Fruit:
Fresh Fruit – Fresh fruit contains a lot of water, which will always result in iciness. One solution is to use a little more cream and a little less milk in the base. It is also recommended to add some skim milk powder to the mixture.
Dried Fruit – Dried fruit, such as raisins or dried cherries, need some liquid before they can be added to ice cream. Plump them in fruit juice or alcohol (such as rum, brandy, or kirsch) for 1 to 2 hours. You will not need very much liquid, approximately 2 tablespoons for each 1/2 cup of dried fruit.
Candies and Confections:
Nuts – For best flavor, nuts should be toasted before adding them to the ice cream. Toasting Nuts – Toast nuts on a baking sheet in a 350 degree F. oven for about 10 minutes. Shake the sheet occasionally to prevent burning. The nuts are ready when they color. Pistachios do not work well in making ice cream as these nuts absorb a lot of water and quickly become soft in ice cream.
Alcohol/Spirits – Alcohol will reduce the freezing point of the ice cream and also makes the ice cream easier to scoop. After you cool the custard base, add 1 tablespoon of alcohol for each 1 pint of base. For stronger flavor, add 2 to 3 tablespoons alcohol to the mixture as it cooks. The heat will cook out some of the alcohol. Adding some skim milk powder (start with 1 teaspoon) to the base will help make up the difference.
Creme de Cassis
Creme de Menthe
Kahlua or Tia Maria
Rum or whiskey
Past Comments from readers:
I want to thank you for your great website and wonderful recipes. I have been making your vanilla custard ice cream all summer long! You are right – it doesn’t last long because it is so delicious! I put 1/2 of a vanilla bean in the milk as it warms up and scrape the seeds into the milk. Wow is it good! Keep up the good work – Camille Brownson (9/13/09)