Homemade Ice Cream Recipe - How To Make Ice Cream
Vanilla and Chocolate Ice Cream Recipes


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While ice cream is readily available in the freezer cases of grocery store and specialty stores, homemade ice cream is in a world of its own. When you make your own, you combine fresh, rich ingredients with the flavorings and add-ins of your choice, for a delectable experience. If you own an electric or hand operated ice cream freezer, making your own ice cream can be fun and easy.

My grandson, Chris Hartman, was given his great-grandmother's old-fashion ice cream maker. The recipes below are his first attempts at making delicious homemade ice cream. Chris now likes to make homemade ice cream for all our family gatherings.

Homemade Vanilla Ice Cream

More delicious Ice Cream Recipes and my daughter's absolutely fantastic Italian Pistachio Gelato.

For a detailed and interesting history of the following individual types of ice cream, check out the underlined ice cream titles: Baked Alaska - Ice Cream and Ices - Ice Cream Cone - Ice Cream Sundae
 

Homemade Ice Cream Recipes

Recipe Type: Ice Cream, Dessert
Yields: 1 quart
Prep time: 15 min
Total time: 1 hr


Homemade Vanilla Ice CreamVanilla Ice Cream Recipe:

Homemade ice cream made with a vanilla custard base will provide you with a rich and creamy ice cream.

Ingredients:

4 egg yolks
1/2 cup granulated sugar
1 cup milk*
1 cup heavy cream or whipping cream*
2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract or 1 vanilla bean, split and scraped
Crushed Ice
Rock Salt**

* Whole milk, half & half cream, and/or low-fat condensed milk may be used to lower the calories (these substitutions may effect how creamy your ice cream will turn out).

** Rock salt – large crystal salt with a gray color, due to minerals not removed from normal table salt. This form of salt is available in most grocery stores, and also through hardware stores.

 


Homemade Ice CreamChocolate Ice Cream Recipe:

This was our second batch of ice cream that my grandson and I made. This makes a very rich, decadent chocolate ice cream  We loved it! We ate it before I could even take a photo.

Ingredients:

4 egg yolks
1/2 cup granulated sugar
1/2 cup unsweetened cocoa powder (I used Hershey's Cocoa)*
1 cup milk**
1 cup heavy cream or whipping cream
2 teaspoons pure vanilla extract
Crushed Ice
Rock Salt***

* 3 squares (1 ounce each) unsweetened chocolate or 1/2 cup chocolate syrup may be used in place of the cocoa powder.

** Whole milk, half & half cream, and/or low-fat condensed milk may be used to lower the calories (these substitutions may effect how creamy your ice cream will turn out).

*** Rock salt – large crystal salt with a gray color, due to minerals not removed from normal table salt. This form of salt is available in most grocery stores, and also through hardware stores.

 


Directions:

I usually double the recipe when making homemade ice cream.  It is so good, that it won't last long.

In a medium-size bowl, add the egg yolks and sugar; beat until thick and lemon colored; set aside. NOTE: If making Chocolate Ice Cream, add the cocoa powder to the egg mixture now.

In a small heavy saucepan over low to medium-low heat, add milk. Slowly bring milk just to a gentle simmer or until it begins to bubble around the edges (do not let the mixture boil). Remove from heat.

Gradually stir hot milk into beaten egg/sugar mixture with a wire whisk. Pour mixture back into the saucepan. Over low heat, stirring constantly, heat until the mixture (custard) thickens and will coat the back of a metal spoon with a thin film, approximately 7 to 10 minutes. On your instant-read cooking thermometer, the temperature should reach between 165 and 180 degrees F. This process is known as tempering.  NOTE: Do not let the mixture boil or it will curdle. If, of course by accident, your custard base does curdle, immediately remove from heat and place in a blender; process until smooth.


The FDA and the USDA advise consumers to use a recipe that contains a cooked custard base when using eggs in your ice cream recipe. The custard base must reach 160 degrees F, measured with a cooking thermometer, to kill the salmonella bacteria. Additionally, it's important to only used pasteurized milk and cream products in making your homemade ice cream.

This is the type of cooking thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking. I get many readers asking what cooking thermometer that I prefer and use in my cooking and baking. I, personally, use the Thermapen Thermometer shown in the photo on the right. To learn more about this excellent thermometer and to also purchase one (if you desire), just click on the underlined: Thermapen Thermometer.

egg and sugar mixture
Egg and sugar mixture

heating the milk
Heating the milk

making the custard
Making the custard

Remove from heat and let custard cool.

Once the custard is cool, cover and refrigerate until thoroughly chilled, at least 1 hour or until it reaches 65 degrees F. on your instant-read cooking thermometer. NOTE: Cool quickly by setting pan in ice or cold water and stirring for a few minutes. Using the ice water method, the mixture will cool in about 15 minutes. This is the custard base. This custard base can be used in many other ice cream recipes where you want a rich, creamy ice cream. Place mixture back in the refrigerator for at least 4 hour, but ideally for 24 hours. This aging process will give the mixture better whipping qualities and produce ice cream with more body and a smoother texture.

When the custard base is cold, stir in the heavy cream and vanilla extract or vanilla bean scrapings. Stir or whisk just until mixture is well combined. If you want to add any extra additions (fresh or dried fruit, candies or confections, nuts, or alcohol), now is the time (see below for directions). The ice cream is now ready for the freezing process.

Transfer the mixture into your ice cream maker and freeze according to the manufacturer's instructions. Either churn your ice cream by hand or by motor.
 


The Science of Making Homemade Ice Cream

Using salt and ice - The freezing procedure has a two-fold purpose, the removal of heat from the mix and the incorporation of air into the mix. Heat is removed by conduction through the metal to the salt-water brine surrounding the freezing can. To help the ice cream mixture to freeze, the container holding the mixture is surrounded ice and rock salt. If you use too much salt, the mixture will freeze too quickly and will not be smooth. If you use too little salt, the ice cream might not even freeze. Unless your ice cream recipe says otherwise, use 1/2 cup rock salt to 4 cups crushed ice.

filling ice cream freezer with ice
Packing in the crushed ice and rock salt.

ice cream freezer with ice
Freezer is full and ready to go.

making ice cream
We are now making homemade ice cream!

Churning - Good ice cream is determined not only by the taste but also the texture. The continuous churning with the ice cream freezer is important because it adds air into the mixture. this makes the ice cream smooth and increases its final volume.

Once you start the churning process, don't stop! If you stop for a long break, large ice crystals would form in the coldest part of the mixture. This would produce a grainy texture in parts of the ice cream and the center may not even freeze. The continuous churning also distributes the flavorings and brings the un-frozen portions of the mixture to the surface. The ice cream mixture usually takes between 20 to 30 minutes to freeze and the freezing container is then placed into a freezer to allow the ice cream to harden.

 

When the ice cream is done, either serve and enjoy or transfer to freezer containers and freeze until firmer. NOTE: Freshly made ice cream will be soft. To freeze, put in an airtight plastic container and place in the freezer for at least an hour, preferably several hours or overnight.

Makes approximately 1 quart of ice cream.

Chris Hartman with his ice cream maker

eating ice cream
Chris enjoying his first batch of homemade ice cream!

Storing Homemade Ice Cream:  Homemade ice cream does not store as well as store-bought ice cream. For best results, transfer leftover homemade ice cream into a plastic airtight container. Store in the freezer for no more than one week. If the texture of the stored ice cream is grainy, let the ice cream soften, then beat it before serving to smooth the texture.
 



Customize your ice cream recipes with fruits, nuts, and flavorings

These extra added ingredients should be added about 8 to 10 minutes after the ice cream has begun freezing (at this point the mixture will be thick enough to prevent the chunks from sinking to the bottom). Some additions will need a little preparation before adding, and some ice cream bases may need some adjustments to accept the additions.

Fresh Fruit and Dried Fruit:

Fresh fruit contains a lot of water, which will always result in iciness. One solution is to use a little more cream and a little less milk in the base. It is also recommended to add some skim milk powder to the mixture.

Fresh Fruit:
Bananas
Blueberries
Cherries
Mangoes
Oranges
Peaches
Raspberries
Strawberries

Dried fruit, such as raisins or dried cherries, need some liquid before they can be added to ice cream. Plump them in fruit juice or alcohol (such as rum, brandy, or kirsch) for 1 to 2 hours. You won't need very much liquid, approximately 2 tablespoons for each 1/2 cup of dried fruit.

Dried Fruit:
Apricots
Blueberries
Cherries
Cranberries
Dates
Peaches
Prunes
Raisins

Candies and Confections:

Chocolate chunks
Heath bars
Peppermints
Brownies
Caramel sauce
Fudge sauce

Nuts: For best flavor, nuts should be toasted before adding them to the ice cream. Toasting Nuts - Toast nuts on a baking sheet in a 350 degree F. oven for about 10 minutes. Shake the sheet occasionally to prevent burning. The nuts are ready when they color. Pistachios do not work well in making ice cream as these nuts absorb a lot of water and quickly become soft in ice cream.

Almonds
Brazil nuts
Cashews
Hazelnuts/Filberts
Pecans
Walnuts

Alcohol/Spirits: Alcohol will reduce the freezing point of the ice cream and also makes the ice cream easier to scoop. After you cool the custard base, add 1 tablespoon of alcohol for each 1 pint of base. For stronger flavor, add 2 to 3 tablespoons alcohol to the mixture as it cooks. The heat will cook out some of the alcohol. Adding some skim milk powder (start with 1 teaspoon) to the base will help make up the difference.

Amaretto
Armagnac
Cointreau
Creme de Cassis
Creme de Menthe
Frangelico
Kahlua or Tia Maria
Rum or whiskey
 



Comments from readers:

I want to thank you for your great website and wonderful recipes. I have been making your vanilla custard ice cream all summer long!  You are right - it doesn't last long because it is so delicious!  I put 1/2 of a vanilla bean in the milk as it warms up and scrape the seeds into the milk. Wow is it good! Keep up the good work - Camille Brownson (9/13/09)
 


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