Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

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The Greek name for basil means "king", which shows how highly it has been regarded throughout the ages. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a sun-loving annual with highly aromatic leaves that has a pleasant spicy odor and taste somewhat like anise or cloves.

Both the leaves and their essential oils are used as flavoring agents. There are many different types of sweet basil – large and dwarf forms, with green, purple, or variegated leaves. Many of these widely grown plants are ornamental, as well as edible.

basil plants

Italian cooks love this easy-to-grow herb and use it generously in their sauces. In Italy this plant is a symbol of love; a sprig of it presented to your lover bespeaks fidelity. When a woman puts a pot of basil on the balcony outside her room, it means that she is ready to receive her suitor.

There is nothing like the smell of basil - one of the most recognized fragrances of summer. Basil has become one of the most popular herbs in the garden today. It is my favorite herb, especially in the summer and autumn when vine-ripen tomatoes are available. There are many types of basil, which vary in size, color, and flavor. All can be used for culinary purposes. If you're not lucky enough to grow your own basil, it can be found in your supermarket. Look for evenly colored, bright green leaves with no sign of wilting or dark spots.
 

Storing Fresh Basil:

    Store fresh basil leaves in the refrigerator, wrapped in barely damp paper towels and then in a plastic bag, for up to four days.

    Store a bunch of basil, stems down, in a glass of water with a plastic bag over the leaves. Secure plastic bag to the glass with a rubber band. Refrigerate for up to a week, changing water every other day.
     

Preserving Fresh Basil:

To freeze, puree basil leaves with a little water and put into ice-cube trays. When frozen, the cubes can be stored in the freezer in plastic bag

To freeze, rinse herbs and let drain until dry. Lay in a single layer on baking sheets, keeping pieces slightly apart. Freeze on baking sheets just until herbs are rigid, about one hour. Place frozen herbs into small freezer plastic bags, press out air, seal, and return to freezer. To use, take out of the bag what you need, reseal, and immediately return to the freezer. Frozen herbs will retain flavor up to one year.


Favorite recipes using fresh basil:

Pasta and Rice:

Caprese Lasagna

Linguine with Tomatoes & Basil

Risotto with Corn, Tomatoes, and Basil
 

Pesto:

Basil, Lemon, and Macadamia Nut Pesto

Basil Pesto - Italian Basil Pesto - Pesto alla Genoves

Basil Pesto with Pistachio Nuts

Sun-Dried Tomato, Basil, and Almond Nut Pesto
 

Pizza:

Bacon and Tomato Pizza


Poultry:

Thai Chicken with Fresh Basil
 

Salad:

Basil-Cream NewPotato Salad

Basil Pesto Pasta Salad

Cherry Tomato Salad with Basil

Insalata Caprese Salad

Mozzarella, Tomato and Basil Plate

Summer Salad with Fresh Corn
 

Salsa:

Fresh Tomato Salsa
 

Seafood:

Halibut with Lemon-Basil Vinaigrette


Soup:

Tomato-Basil Crab Bisque

 


 

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